Concussion Response Tool

Information about the incident

Step 1 of 4 - Determine if this is a medical emergency

Follow basic first aid

  • Danger
  • Response
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation

CALL 911 if the child shows any of these Red Flag Symptoms at any time


You see:
The child complains of:
The child is showing:

If there is serious injury OR any of the Red Flags:

  • Call 911
  • Do not move the child
  • Stay with the injured child and monitor them until Emergency Services arrives
  • Do not remove the child’s helmet unless you are trained to do so

Step 2 of 4 - Remove the child from play or activity

If the injury is NOT an emergency, remove the child from play and do not let them return to play that day. The child needs to be seen by a doctor as soon as possible. While the child is waiting to be taken to a doctor follow instructions in Step 3.

Step 3 of 4 - Monitor the child

Do not leave the child alone and ensure they are with a responsible adult at all times. In addition to the Red Flags, watch for the following signs and symptoms and check off any that appear.

Record what you see

Record what the child is saying

Ask these questions to test memory

Failure to answer any of these questions correctly may suggest a concussion. Repeat periodically and tick response

5 to 12 years old

Where are we now?
Is it before or after lunch?
What did you have last lesson/class?
What is your teacher’s name?

13 years old and over

What venue are you at today?
Which half is it now?
Who scored last in this game?
What team did you play last week game?
Did your team win the last game?

Step 4 of 4 - Refer to parent/guardian

The parent or guardian should take the child to a doctor for assessment as soon as possible. Ideally this should be done on the same day as the injury and may require taking the child to an Emergency Department if they are unable to access their own doctor.